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How Does A Water Softener Actually Soften My Water?

You’ve seen the signs. That greenish buildup around your faucet and shower head? Not good. You know it’s only a matter of time before your hard water problem becomes a flooding problem. Yet, still you hesitate to do anything about it. You’ve got to consider your options.

Well, I’m here to tell you that your first and best option is to install a water softener. If you’re like me, anytime you hear someone in the maintenance profession say the word “install,” you know it’s not going to be cheap. The truth is, a water softener can run anywhere from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars. But let me tell you, the damage that they help prevent is worth it. Replacing the weak, hard-water-corroded pipes of even a 1,500 square foot home can cost as much as $10,000! And that’s not counting the damage to your house’s structure and personal belongings that come with a burst pipe.

By installing a water softener, you’re investing now to protect your home’s future.

So, how does a water softener actually soften your water? It’s pretty simple, really. A water softener is a giant filter that cleanses your water of harmful minerals before it travels into your home’s lines. The filter acts as a magnet, sucking the harshness from the water. The end result: softer water traveling through your home, leading to a much longer life of your pipes and plumbing fixtures, and more importantly, saving you from any major plumbing problems.

Want to hear more? Call us, or send a text or email, and we’ll send an expert to your home to tell you about the ways we can help.

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We’re Not Plumbers, We’re Preventers

Many people think that plumbers are just the guys who show up when you have a leaky pipe. While that’s technically true, if you don’t want your home’s plumbing to have serious problems down the road, you might want to start thinking about plumbers in a different way.

Think of it this way.

You go to your doctor when you’re not feeling yourself. But that’s not the only time you see a physician—if you’re smart, you also go in for regular checkups. That’s called preventive medicine. When you hit certain stages in life, your doctor looks for signs of specific problems. For instance, when you hit the big five-O…you’re supposed to get a colonoscopy.

I know, it’s not really something you want to think about. But I think it’s a pretty apt comparison. Using the restroom isn’t called checking the plumbing for nothing!

OK. Business face back on.

My point is that you should use your plumber for more than just repairs. We do more than fix leaky pipes, and we want you to be able to take advantage of that. Preventive maintenance can end up saving you hundreds, even thousands, of dollars in the long run.

The process is actually pretty simple. One of our certified plumbers will come to your house and inspect your piping. The way we do that is with a camera that we put down into your pipes to look around for any issues. (You get the colonoscopy reference now?)We’re not looking to nickel-and-dime you. We’re not going to tell you that you have a leaky faucet or that your shower head needs a new gasket if it doesn’t. What we’re here to do is to prevent you from future disasters.

And you, the homeowner, feel no pain. Not even in your wallet, because this service is only $69. That’s better than shelling out some serious cash because you didn’t think you needed preventive maintenance.

Let us help. A licensed plumber from Custom Plumbing will come to your house and investigate your pipes, so you can have the peace of mind knowing that your lines are sturdy and secure. And you’ll also be happy knowing that your neighborhood plumber is just a phone call away.

Call today, and schedule your thorough examination of your lines for only $69.

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If you’re a homeowner who would rather maintain your plumbing system than deal with the big repairs that will come with neglect, you’ll need to know some tips for general maintenance plumbing. In this article we’ll go over some common ways to prevent possible issues you will face with your plumbing system.

Care of sanitary appliances

Everyone knows that all plumbing devices require not only proper and careful treatment but also proper care.

To begin the story about leaving, it follows first of all with a bathroom (a bathroom and a toilet). Plumbing fixtures installed there must always be kept clean.

Enameled bath will last much longer if you avoid sudden changes in the temperature of the water supplied to it (when filling the bath, first you need to start warm water, gradually bringing it to the desired temperature). Otherwise, the enamel coating will quickly crack, yellow and erase.

After each use, the bath should be washed with warm water using appropriate detergents.

In no case can you clean the baths and sinks, covered with enamel, with agents that contain acid. The use of metal brushes is also inappropriate.

The toilet must be kept clean since it is in it that a huge number of pathogens develop. Take the rule to clean the toilet after 3-5 days. If it is so dirty that conventional means do not help, you can use a 5% solution of hydrochloric acid. Often, hydrochloric acid can not be used!

Means intended for cleaning and disinfection are liquid, pasty, and powdery. There are general rules when using them. When working with them, you must wear rubber gloves to protect your hands. Keep these products in a tightly closed container (especially pasty) in a dry place.

Often in the process of using plumbing fixtures, it is necessary to deal with rust. Currently, the industry produces a large number of various effective cleaning products.

Preparations such as “Tartaran”, “Kama”, “Comet” and other cleaning powders well remove rust. They are applied as follows. On a damp sponge, you need to sprinkle a small amount of powder and, moistening the previously contaminated surface, wipe it with a sponge. Then it is necessary to wash the treated plumbing fixture with clean running water.

Do not use for baths and shells drugs that are both clean and remove rust, because they contain hydrochloric acid, destroying the enamel.

Elimination of unpleasant odors


There are several reasons for unpleasant odors in the kitchen or bathroom. This damage the joint of sewer pipes, the lack of water in the water locks, the obstruction of sewerage, as well as the poorly adjusted revision of the sewer risers.

The lack of water in the hydraulic seal can be caused by the evaporation of water or the disruption of the water seal. Evaporation occurs when a plumbing device is not used for a long time. Before a long absence from home in the hydraulic locks, you need to pour a small amount of engine oil.

When disconnecting the water seal, water is sucked into the riser. Failure is possible for large lengths and slopes of the leaks. The emergence of squelching sounds in the water locks, as a rule, indicates that a breakdown is likely.

Also, the failure of the water seal can occur due to a violation of the ventilation of the sewage network. It can occur when the riser is frozen in winter, when foreign objects enter the network (for example, from a roof), and also with a small diameter of the riser.

Unpleasant smells can also appear due to defects in siphons. The most common of these is a truncated septum. To get rid of smells, in this case, will help only a complete replacement of the siphon.

 

Clearing blockages


Clog may occur in any plumbing equipment, but if this happened with a toilet, this is a real disaster for the residents of the house. The situation is further complicated by the fact that with a litter of the toilet it is very difficult to determine exactly where it happened: maybe in the toilet located in your apartment, or maybe in your stretch to the riser or in the riser by several floors below.

If the congestion is formed in the riser, fecal water can flow from your toilet bowl. It usually takes a long time to clean the riser.

If there was a blockage, first of all, it is necessary to use the plunger. It should be brought to the outlet and quickly pressed onto the handle. This will push the water under pressure through the siphon body and the discharge pipe. But the plunger may not help in eliminating the congestion.

Then you can try using a flexible cable. In this case, one hand should push the cable into the hole, and the other at the same time rotate the handle.

As soon as the water starts to leave more slowly, it is necessary to start the cleaning of siphons and pipes urgently. Bathtub siphons are not equipped with settling filters, so you can clean the siphon by disassembling it. It is not convenient and besides, it is not always possible. In this case, it is necessary to use the plunger, but you need to close the overflow hole with a hand.

If the siphon of the kitchen sink is clogged, the cleaning should be carried out as quickly as possible, since the fat and food particles will instantly turn a small cork into a large one.

Cleaning the sink and washing, usually, use the “tap-drain” method. On the faucet mixer, you need to put one end of the hose, and the other to insert into the drain. Then you have to start hot water.

Clogs formed in bottle plastic, bottle brass and chrome-plated siphons, in no case cannot be cleaned with a cable. If the plunger is useless, you need to turn off the clarifiers or, at the very least, wash the siphons with the hot water removed from the sump (but not with boiling water, as there are temperature limits for polyvinyl chloride siphons) by pushing a bucket from the bottom. You can add detergent to the water. It will dissolve the accumulated fat. To eliminate the buildup in cast iron and steel siphons, you can use a solution of caustic soda (1 tablespoon of soda per liter of hot water). But caution should be exercised, as a caustic soda that can cause a chemical burn.

A good tool for splitting fats and layers is calcined soda. A solution of it is prepared in the same way as with caustic soda.

 

To prevent the pipes from freezing


Frozen pipes may break due to the pressure of the ice that has accumulated inside them. The easiest way to prevent the formation of ice is to open the faucet in very cold frosts. But in a private house or in a cottage, the tap is not open for a long time, so you should take care of the water supply in advance.

Protect open pipes can be mineral wool, straw, shavings and some other heaters. For more details on the materials used to insulate the pipes, see the chapter “Materials Required for Piping”.

However, the best way to protect the pipes from freezing is to completely drain water from the water pipe.

But what to do if the pipes are still frozen? You can try to start raising the temperature in the room. As a result, the water did not pour from the tap, use a flattering effect.

For example, you can use a blowtorch, gently warming it with a pipe, or install electric tiles in frozen areas.

But remember: you cannot start a sharp heating of the pipe from the middle of a frozen place. First, you need to open the tap, then slowly warm the pipe, moving from the tap to the highway.

If you did not comply with these simple rules and the pipe still burst, it can be temporarily (until replaced by a new section of the pipe) to be repaired with a rubber bandage, which must be secured with a steel yoke.

 

Protection of pipes against corrosion


Metal pipes during operation are susceptible to rust (both inside and outside). As a result of corrosion, the throughput of pipes decreases, clogs, fistulas, joints, water leakage occurs, in general, the service life of pipelines is significantly reduced.

Naturally, corrosion is easier to prevent than fight it. There are various ways for this.

Methods of protecting metal pipes from rust are divided into passive, and active. Passive – is the insulation of pipes inside and outside or their coating with special shells, active – electrical protection. Pipes produced in factories usually do not have an anticorrosion coating. Therefore, protection against rust should be carried out before laying or during the laying of pipes. As an external insulation for steel pipes, bitumen-polymer, bitumen-mineral, ethylene and similar coatings are used, the choice of which depends on the soil.

Coatings of cement are used for internal protection of steel and cast-iron pipes. They are reliable and economical. Also, cast iron pipes are covered with oil bitumen or a layer of whitened cast iron of increased strength.

Widely used paintwork. They are easily applied to the surface and have a low cost.

If the pipes already have rust, then before they are laid, it must be cleaned and only then apply a protective coating. When it is dry, the pipes are oiled and painted with oil paint.

The electrochemical method of corrosion protection is zinc coating, which significantly slows down the destruction of steel pipes.

Now you have a few more maintenance plumbing tools of your own to keep your home running smoothly.

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One of the most important appliances in any household is the hot water heater. Every day we use them for taking showers, washing dishes, washing our hands, and many other activities that would be much more inconvenient to deal with if the heater didn’t work. That’s why we here at Custom Plumbing, hot water heaters Phoenix, AZ work our hardest to provide you with the maintenance and repair that you deserve when you’re in need of assistance. When your heater isn’t working properly and you don’t have access to hot water, CCP in Phoenix, AZ will be there with our emergency plumbing service to help you resolve the issue. We’ll you the assistance you need to make sure that you are thoroughly satisfied with how we help you restore your hot water supply. In this article we’ll go over the options you may choose through CCP.

Water Heater Repairs

Sometimes, when your hot water heater is working properly or is leaking, the issue can be resolved simply by having the water heater repair experts at Custom Plumbing come and do the repairs. For an affordable price, you’ll receive the quality repair work that your leaking or malfunctioning hot water heater needs to work like it should. We here at CCP in Phoenix. AZ has the experience needed to work with every kind of water heaters such as gas water heaters, electric water heaters, and tankless water heaters. If your water heater is leaking or is malfunctioning, don’t hesitate to call the water heater repair experts at Custom Plumbing in Phoenix, AZ.

Water Heater Installation

After twelve years of use, your hot water heater will begin to breakdown and malfunction. Once this begins to happen, it’s heavily recommended that you replace the old water heater with a new one. That’s why you should call Custom Plumbing to do the hot water heater installation. We’ll give you the guidance you need to make a decision on what type of water heater you would install in your home to replace the old one.

At CCP in Phoenix, AZ we install water heaters of all kinds such as:

  •    Gas water heaters
  •    Electric water heaters
  •    Tankless water heaters/Instant water heaters

Once you have chosen a hot water heater that you would like installed, Custom Plumbing, hot water heaters Phoenix, AZ will be there to install and provide you with hot water that same day. Call CCP in Phoenix, AZ today to get hot water heater installation service that will be best for you.

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The term flotation is used for the cleavage of solid microparticles with different wettability. These are water-immiscible (hydrophobic) particles, and wettable (hydrophilic) particles. Air bubbles or oil droplets rise up to the interface, carrying these hydrophobic particles. The method of flotation is used in sewage treatment from suspended solids and various organic substances, with the separation of substances in such industries as food, oil refining, and others.

The method of froth flotation is expanded. Initially, the particles are treated with reagents. Then air bubbles push them onto the surface of the water, and a layer of foam is formed. For its stability, foaming agents are added. The foam is obtained by bubbling with stirring the liquid medium (pulp) or without stirring.

The essence of flotation: in the water, the air bubble approaches a hydrophobic particle, the interlayer of water that separates them decreases and at the critical moment it breaks, full wetting occurs, and the bubble densely adheres to the particle. The density of the bubble, with the particle, is smaller than the density of the pulp, and they rise to the interface, and a foam is formed, which is then mechanically removed from the flotation. The stability of the bubble-particle pair is affected by the dimensions of both the bubble and the particles, the physicochemical properties of the liquid medium, particles, and bubbles, and other factors.

Consider the process of drain cleaning treatment by flotation. In a flotation unit, a jet of water and a stream of air go in one direction. Particles of pollution are scattered throughout the volume of water and when moving together with air they stick together with bubbles. For optimal operation, bubbles are passed into the flotation chamber with no more than the size determined by the experiments. Since, with a large size of the bubbles, the airflow velocities and the flux of contaminated particles are different, and the particles do not have time to attach to the bubble. This happens while they mix the water, which entails the rupture of the already connected pairs of a bubble-particle.

There are pressure, impeller, and flotation using porous materials. In pressure flotation, water is saturated with air under pressure. If the reagents are not added, then such flotation is referred to as physical purification methods. Pressure flotation allows you to regulate the amount of dissolved air and the size of the bubbles.

Impeller flotation is used to purify water in the oil refining industry. This method is not very efficient due to the large turbulence of the flows in the flotator, which destroys the flocculent particles. For the best result, add surfactants. Porous materials allow to obtain air bubbles of small dimensions, for this purpose, the rate of air flow from the material hole should be minimal.

The effectiveness of flotation increases the use of coagulants, which help to remove impurities in the form of persistent emulsion compounds. After flotation, the products go to further dehydration into settling tanks-thickeners and hydrocyclones, dryers and so on.

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A well-developed sewerage system contributes to the ecological and sanitary safety of the surrounding area. Waste disposal of human activities has long been a serious problem.

One of the main procedures that allow maintenance of the condition of all sewerage elements in proper condition is the cleaning of the sewage system. Depending on the type of pollution, it is realized in several ways. According to the generally accepted classification, there are three: mechanical, thermochemical and hydrodynamic. Manually, with the help of mechanical tools (peaks and cutters), it is easiest to remove outside dimensional objects that fall inside the pipe. In some cases, the implementation of such a method can be problematic. Especially if the pipes lie at a great depth.

The thermochemical method shows the greatest efficiency when removing stale fossilized blockages by the total action of water heated to high temperatures and aggressive chemical compounds. This method is used most often when other ways to soften and eliminate sewage sludge failed.

Sewage cleaning with a high head of water, passing through a special nozzle, is usually called a hydrodynamic method. It is realized by a channel washing machines. Due to its efficiency and simplicity, it enjoys the greatest popularity and is in high demand when removing blockages at various sites.

Sewage cleaning above the indicated methods should be carried out taking into account the features of the object and the type of contamination. The final choice always rests with the performers; therefore, it is necessary to attract specialists with sufficient level of professionalism to the works on sewerage maintenance. Attempts to self-clean the sewer are fraught with unpredictable and sometimes financially costly consequences. Remove the blockage itself is possible only in extremely rare cases, and even then at an early stage of its occurrence. This is evidenced by many years of practice.

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Sewage cleaning today.

A well-developed sewerage system contributes to the ecological and sanitary safety of the surrounding area. Waste disposal of human activities has long been a serious problem.

One of the main procedures that allow maintenance of the condition of all sewerage elements in proper condition is the cleaning of the sewage system. Depending on the type of pollution, it is realized in several ways. According to the generally accepted classification, there are three: mechanical, thermochemical and hydrodynamic. Manually, with the help of mechanical tools (peaks and cutters), it is easiest to remove outside dimensional objects that fall inside the pipe. In some cases, the implementation of such a method can be problematic. Especially if the pipes lie at a great depth.

The thermochemical method shows the greatest efficiency when removing stale fossilized blockages by the total action of water heated to high temperatures and aggressive chemical compounds. This method is used most often when other ways to soften and eliminate sewage sludge failed.

Sewage cleaning with a high head of water, passing through a special nozzle, is usually called a hydrodynamic method. It is realized by a channel washing machines. Due to its efficiency and simplicity, it enjoys the greatest popularity and is in high demand when removing blockages at various sites.

Sewage cleaning above the indicated methods should be carried out taking into account the features of the object and the type of contamination. The final choice always rests with the performers; therefore, it is necessary to attract specialists with sufficient level of professionalism to the works on sewerage maintenance. Attempts to self-clean the sewer are fraught with unpredictable and sometimes financially costly consequences. Remove the blockage itself is possible only in extremely rare cases, and even then at an early stage of its occurrence. This is evidenced by many years of practice.

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Leak Detection from Plumbing Experts

As a homeowner, you should be aware of the signs of a leak. When you hear water running while all the faucets are off, it’s a sign that there is a leak. Another sign of a leak is the water marks that develop where the leak is. a water stain can appear on the wall, ceiling, and floor which can make the leak detection easy. This is the case for simple leaks from the plumbing system in the plumbing system, but for more major leaks such as slab leaks, it’s harder to find the source of the leak. The only sign you typically notice with the more hidden leaks is the rise in your water bill. These hidden leaks affect large pipes, so the amount of wasted water will significantly raise your water bill and hurt your pocket. That is why you should call Custom Cooling and Plumbing in Phoenix, AZ. We have the leak detection experts and equipment to get the job done for any leak detection service that you may need. We perform leak repair and leak detection services in Phoenix, Arizona such as:

  • Appliance leak repairs
  • Plumbing system leak repair
  • Slab leak repair
  • Repiping

 

Leak Repairs

Custom Cooling and Plumbing in Phoenix, Arizona can repair any pipe or appliance in your house that needs to be fixed. Whether it’s as small as a leaky faucet on the sink, or a large leak coming from a sewage pipe under a slab of concrete, the leak detection and repair experts at Custom Cooling and Plumbing can help you resolve the issue. While smaller leaks, such as appliance leaks and plumbing system leaks, can be handled easily, larger leaks, such as slab leaks, can be more grueling to deal with. This is due to the need to break through the concrete slab that is covering the leak. At Custom Cooling and Plumbing in Phoenix, AZ, we have the experience needed to perform slab leak repairs quickly and efficiently to reduce any possible annoyance that comes with repairing a slab leak. Due to our emergency plumbing service, we’ll be there as soon as possible whenever you need us to help you the leak repair of your appliances or pipes.  

Repiping

When handling old pipes, it’s often recommended that you should replace the old pipes with new ones. Replacing these old pipes is called repiping. The need for repiping comes from the inefficiency that comes with repairing old pipes. once the pipes reach a certain age, the pipes begin to decay and breakdown. So, while repairs can be made, it’s a smarter choice, financially, to replace the old pipes that need constant maintenance, with new ones that won’t need repairs for decades. Custom Cooling and Plumbing will work with you to choose which pipes you’d like to replace your old ones with to give you the comfort of knowing you’re making the right choice for your plumbing systems future. Call Custom Cooling and Plumbing to get the service that you deserve.                             

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The sewerage system of a private house, even if it is connected to a central sewage system, has its own characteristics. You must learn about these features, because it is often the owner of the house who has to act as a plumber. The correct operation of the sewage system will allow to avoid extra effort and hassle.

Any type of sewage system does not allow largw items, as well as all kinds of paper, hair, fat (fat food). To this end, it is necessary to equip the indoor restroom special boxes (box) for the collection of used toilet paper.

The design of the grease trap

When going down the drain, hair knots and tangles in the food fat and becomes difficult to remove (even with the aid of hot water) from the tube. Eliminated during the operation of sewage entering the hair into it, you can use the removable safety Veins, which are mounted on the drain funnel shower, bath, and sink. It is especially necessary, during the operation of sewage, to prevent the penetration in its issue of dietary fat. To prevent the accumulation of fat, you need to drain it from the sink and clean regularly with a strong stream of hot water. For the same purpose in a local sewer system, it’s recommended for the production of sinks (kitchen) that use a special grease trap.

The grease trap design consists of two pots which are inserted into each other with a certain gap. They meet with each other through the perforations in the inner pot. The grease trap is equipped with a cover (removed fairly easily) to remove the fat that accumulates in the upper compartment of the inner pot. This device is mounted on the release from a kitchen sink (possible and on the kitchen itself) to reduce waste fluid that flows upwardly therein. Proper use of sewage involves periodic cleaning of grease trap from fat.

Clogged pipes

Every owner of a private house, in the course of operation of sewage, has at least once faced the problem of clogged pipes. In this case it is necessary to get rid of clogging through inspection and cleaning by using a rough wire brush that is attached to a steel wire with a diameter ranging from 4mm to 6mm. Also rough cleaning utensils can be made with a piece of rope that has a diameter of6mm-15cm and is 12cm long. To do this in the middle of the cable, firmly attach the folded end of the wire by a binding wire of soft, braided ends untwist (with each side approximately 50mm) and spreading like a fan.

If ice plugs are formed in the sewerage, they can be punched in this way: this portion is fed to a thin rubber hose, through which flows the hot water (the tap water used should be provided through an audit).

When operating the sewage system, the easiest way to clean the taps of sanitary devices is by using rubber device like plunger. To make yourself a very effective plunger, you can use a small children’s rubber ball. For this purpose it is necessary to cut off the ball chet less than 1/3 of the sphere and insert the cut piece into most of the ball (provides rigidity). Wooden handle attached at the center of the ball screw through the washer. In order to clean the clogged portion, it collects water, put to the drain hole and the plunger with a force several times the knob is pressed. Pre-overflow hole bath or sink is necessary to close a wet cloth. In the case where the method of cleaning does not help, it is necessary to disassemble the siphon clogged plumbing devices, properly clean it, reassemble and try again to break through the blockage using a plunger.

In the case where sewage in the operation is detected continuously litter place in this zone should drill a hole 10 mm in diameter (Clean out) that will close a wooden stopper.

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Due to the fact that the device is a rather primitive sewage system, many feel that it is easy to create your own, without drawings and calculations. However, the completion of these modifications is extremely difficult. Therefore, it is best to perform on the paper quality design sewer, which will specify the length of pipe diameters, grades, and a list of materials is needed. The diameters of the pipes are caused by sanitary facilities will be connected to any to them. In a pipe which connects a sanitary device to the riser, the diameter cannot be less than the outlet of the device. If several devices are connected to one tube, it should not be less than the greater of the outlets.

When designing a sewer must take into account the sinks, bathtubs, sinks, shower trays, urinals, bidets, dishwashers, and washing machines can have a common connection to the riser. Toilets also need to separately connect to the riser (necessarily below the rest of the equipment). Otherwise, the water to be flushed down the toilet, the waste can flow through the holes in the other sanitary appliances.

Proper design of sewerage is impossible without taking into account the fact that the diameter of the pipe depends on the type and number of connected devices to them sanitary.

These diameters are determined empirically:

  1. for bidets and wash basins – 4cm,
  2. for baths and sinks – 5cm,
  3. to connect multiple downcomers, devices or waste holes without WC – diameter of 7cm,
  4. waste-holes, risers, WC – 10cm.

The design of sewerage systems should take into account the fact that the length of the toilet sewer connections must not be more than 1 meter, and to other devices – 3m. If the connection has a length greater than 3 m and a diameter of less than 7cm, it must have a diameter greater than the calculated one centimeter (for example, instead of 4 cm, make it 5). In the case where the diameter of the connection is 7cm, it should be increased to 10cm only if its length is greater than 5m. These recommendations should act when the height difference between the different endings connections of 1m-3m. If the connection is made with additional ventilation, the pipe diameter does not increase.

In the exercise of designing sewage pipes, you should be aware of the creation of the audit, through which it will be possible to clean the pipe. Those portions of the pipes that connect with the sanitary device with risers, it is necessary to conduct the shortest possible path. They should be attached to struts at an angle of more than 450 degrees between the riser and the toilet, it cannot connect other equipment as drains, which flow from the toilet for the entire cross section of the pipe. It can suck the water through a siphon of this equipment. In the case where the design requires sanitation realize bending of horizontal pipes, it is necessary to perform a bending at an angle of 900. Gravity sewage outside the home should provide biases pipes (1m pipe slope should be from 2% to 15%).

Sewage engineering, materials

In private homes, they mainly use tubes made from polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride species polyester resins which are reinforced with fiberglass. All of the above materials are quite lightweight and corrosion-resistant processes, have a low roughness coefficient. They are much more brittle and rough than ceramic and metal pipes. However, they have a greater strength and resistance to high temperatures.

When they are combined with the compounds of the socket, possibly stretching compensated automatically (approximately 10mm / m). When this is not enough, the system is mounted compensator – straight pipe sections that can move relative to each other.

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